IMPACT OF TOBACCO SMOKE ON THE RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF ADULT: A STATISTICAL APPROACH
by Gyan K. Agarwal, Manish Trivedi, Usha Jha, Rajendra K. Jha and Ripunjai K. Shukla.
Tobacco use, which is also the cause behind several respiratory diseases, generally starts
in the teens. Therefore, we examined the risk of respiratory symptoms related to different smoke exposure
type in case of an adult. An intensive survey looked promising as an initiative to investigate the use of
tobacco in diverse age groups especially in adults. This paper reports the outcomes from a survey-based
study carried out in the Ranchi district of the south eastern Indian state of Jharkhand.
Methods: The questionnaire-based survey data of the random sample size of (n = 600) was analyzed.
Multiple Linear regression model was suitably applied to study the Respiratory Health, as dependent
variable while Tobacco Intake, Continuous Tobacco use, Age, Education level, Job Category, Income,
General Health and Past Health of the tobacco users in the study area as independent variables after
adjusting for age, gender, smoking and socioeconomic status. The results presented here are analyzed
using Regression analysis, Chi-square test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Test.
Results: From the total sample size of (n = 700), 600 eligible cases have been included in the present
analysis. As per our analysis, about 48.16% of the “adult”, population exposed to tobacco are under the
age group of 18-25 years and 21% between 26-32 years. Of this, 38% of the reported individuals were
“occupied” as students who were either exposed to the tobacco in the form of smoking or chewing.
Conclusion: The recently formed state of Jharkhand in the eastern India is marked by the widespread
problem of tobacco use among young adults, under the age group of 18-25. It is 38% in the urban school
and college going youth as is observed in the Ranchi province.
Tobacco use, Smoking, Environmental tobacco smoke, Tobacco control, Intensive Survey
Manish Trivedi, firstname.lastname@example.org
Gyan K. Agarwal, email@example.com
Usha Jha, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ripunjai K. Shukla, email@example.com
Rajendra K. Jha, firstname.lastname@example.org
SANKU DEY, email@example.com
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