Significance Tests for the Measure of Raw Agreement
by Alexander von Eye, Michael Schauerhuber, Patrick Mair.
Significance tests for the measure of raw agreement are proposed. First, it is shown that
the measure of raw agreement can be expressed as a proportionate reduction-in-error measure,
sharing this characteristic with Cohen's kappa and Brennan and Prediger's kappan. Second, it is
shown that the coefficient of raw agreement is linearly related to Brennan and Prediger's kappa_n.
Therefore, using the same base model for the estimation of expected cell frequencies as Brennan
and Prediger's kappa_n, one can devise significance tests for the measure of raw agreement. Two
tests are proposed. The first uses Stouffer's Z, a probability pooler. The second test is the
binomial test. A data example analyzes the agreement between two psychiatrists' diagnoses. The
covariance structure of the agreement cells in a rater by rater table is described. Simulation studies
show the performance and power functions of the test statistics.
rater agreement, raw agreement coefficient, Stouffer's Z, binomial test, Monte Carlo
Alexander von Eye, firstname.lastname@example.org
Michael Schauerhuber, Michael.Schauerhuber@wu-wien.ac.at
Patrick Mair, Patrick.Mair@wu-wien.ac.at
R. G. Graf, email@example.com
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