On How Statistics Provides a Reliable and Valid Measure for an Algorithmís Complexity
by Soubhik Chakraborty, Kiran Kumar Sundararajan, Basant Kumar Das and Suman Kumar Sourabh.
Stochastic modelling of deterministic computer experiments was strongly
and correctly advocated by Prof. Jerome Sacks and others [see J. Sacks, W. Welch,
T. Mitchell and H. Wynn, Design and Analysis of Computer Experiments, Statistical
Science, vol. 4. No. 4, 1989] in order to reduce the cost of prediction, quantifying the
amount of accuracy sacrificed in the bargain. Following some of these guidelines, the
authors in the present manuscript have made an interesting statistical adventure by
empirically deriving the difficult O(nlogn) average case complexity of the popular
Quicksort algorithm. Since the strategy could be easily applicable, with little or no
modification, to any arbitrary algorithm of similar or nearly similar complexity and more
importantly where a formal theoretical proof might be found wanting, [see also the first
chapter in the book Data Structures and Algorithms by A. Aho, J. Hopcroft, J. Ullman,
Addison Wesley], the authors propose Statistics as a reliable and valid tool for measuring
an arbitrary algorithmís time complexity. As an added attraction, the paper further shows
how the sorting efficiency of Quicksort is affected by input from specific distributions,
citing the Binomial case, indicating the motivation of further research in that direction in
the future, especially covering mixture distributions.
[note: a computer experiment is a series of runs of a code for various inputs; it is called
deterministic if feeding the same inputs leads to identical observations].
Quicksort(nonrecursive) algorithm, the big-O, time complexity, applied
Soubhik Chakraborty, email@example.com
Kiran Kumar Sundararajan,
Basant Kumar Das,
Suman Kumar Sourabh
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